The International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research (IJGER) is an international journal that is published by KAGES (Korea‚ÄďAmerica Association for Geospatial and Environmental Sciences) in English. The Journal will provide a forum for discussion among researchers in geography and related fields in Korea, East Asia, and around the world. It covers all fields of geography and environmental sciences with a spatial dimension, and publishes original research papers, review articles, and short communications on academic activities.